BRANCH - Wildfire and Smoke Map (2024)

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  2. Fire and Smoke

Hazard Mapping System: Wildfire and Smoke

Fire Detail

Incident Type CategoryWildfire
Fire CauseHuman
Fire Cause: GeneralFireworks
Fire Cause: SpecificAerial fireworks
Fire Discovery Date TimeJuly 6, 2024, 10:56 p.m.
Fire Discovery Age3 days
Predominant Fuel GroupGrass-Shrub
Predominant Fuel ModeGS2
Modified Date TimeJuly 8, 2024, 11:52 a.m.

Area Detail

Level III EcoregionArizona/New Mexico Plateau
Land FormHigh hills
Percent: Develop 0.62%
Percent: Shrub 81.62%
Percent: Grass 17.76%
Total Population 1,117
Total Housing Units 467
Weighted Median Income $22,702
Weighted Median House Value$89,094
Est. Pop. with No Vehicle 14.77%
Est. Pop. with Disability 10.56%
Est. Pop. in Poverty 35.09%
Est. Pop. who don't speak English3.49%


Source: The Wildland Fire Interagency Geospatial Service(WFIGS), Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre (CIFFC), NOAA Office of Satellite and Product Operations

Reported Fires


(County, State)

CountyStateFire Discoverd Date% ContainedSize (Acres)Estimated Cost to DateEstimated PopulationEstimated Housing Units
Oceana 05 - Wildfire

(Oceana County, MI)

OceanaMIJuly 6, 2024, 1:21 a.m.Unknown
James Unit 3 4 5 / Houlihan RX - Prescribed Fire

(Saginaw County, MI)

SaginawMIApril 10, 2024, 8:49 a.m.Unknown1501,444631
rx-Silver Creek NW - Prescribed Fire

(Juneau County, WI)

JuneauWIMay 11, 2024, 9:21 a.m.Unknown816349
Cut Bank 2 - Wildfire

(Greenbrier County, WV)

GreenbrierWVJune 27, 2024, 3:56 p.m.Unknown6854
GRF Rockhouse Creek RX - Prescribed Fire

(Avery County, NC)

AveryNCJan. 22, 2024, 8:59 a.m.Unknown
Ski Hill - Wildfire

(Marquette County, MI)

MarquetteMIJuly 8, 2024, 3 p.m.Unknown
Renfrow Road - Wildfire

(Franklin County, AL)

FranklinALJune 21, 2024, 7:21 p.m.100%135$2,300232113
Spring Run - Wildfire

(Grant County, WV)

GrantWVMarch 20, 2024, 2:38 p.m.100%500$10016890
Grace Mountain - Wildfire

(Hardy County, WV)

HardyWVMarch 20, 2024, 3 p.m.20%600$10,0003821
Capon - Wildfire

(Rockingham County, VA)

RockinghamVAMarch 20, 2024, 12:07 p.m.100%2,368$416,2448939
Coosa River Fire - Wildfire

(Cherokee County, AL)

CherokeeALJune 24, 2024, 10:52 p.m.100%134$1,490450224
CR 329 NAUVOO - Wildfire

(Winston County, AL)

WinstonALJuly 1, 2024, 3:51 p.m.92%200$2,5009849
Cove Mountain - Wildfire

(Hardy County, WV)

HardyWVMarch 20, 2024, 2:09 a.m.100%155$47,13011169
Swamp Fire - Wildfire

(Cherokee County, AL)

CherokeeALJune 25, 2024, 9:54 p.m.99%170$4,500252110
Waites Run - Wildfire

(Hardy County, WV)

HardyWVMarch 20, 2024, 4:15 p.m.100%6,223$1,689,248384225
Lafayette Hwy 7 S. - Wildfire

(Lafayette County, MS)

LafayetteMSJuly 3, 2024, 4:30 p.m.100%137$24,700244131
Waterfall Mountain - Wildfire

(Page County, VA)

PageVAMarch 20, 2024, 5:19 p.m.100%6,399$2,615,677480258
Edith Gap - Wildfire

(Shenandoah County, VA)

ShenandoahVAMarch 20, 2024, 6:53 p.m.100%832$299,894168101
TAL Bell Spring - Wildfire

(Talladega County, AL)

TalladegaALMarch 28, 2024, 4:26 p.m.100%902$10015866
Angus Lake WPA A RX - Prescribed Fire

(Wright County, MN)

WrightMNMay 11, 2024, 8:36 a.m.Unknown723230
Corn Field Fire - Wildfire

(Talladega County, AL)

TalladegaALJune 22, 2024, 12:11 p.m.100%135$4,500463198
Juneteenth Fire - Wildfire

(Shelby County, AL)

ShelbyALJune 23, 2024, 4:08 p.m.95%266$4,50021275
Litchfield B RX - Prescribed Fire

(Meeker County, MN)

MeekerMNMay 12, 2024, 10:55 a.m.Unknown416312
Sacred Heart C RX - Prescribed Fire

(Renville County, MN)

RenvilleMNMay 1, 2024, 9:18 a.m.Unknown4004313
Soo Line 2 RX - Prescribed Fire

(Morrison County, MN)

MorrisonMNMay 6, 2024, 8:52 a.m.Unknown99534

Smoke Description

Descriptive text narrative for smoke/dust observed in satelite imagery.

Canada/United States/Mexico - A large area of mixed density smoke from wildfires throughout northwestern Canada, northern Washington State, and from eastern Canada continues to be seen today, stretching from eastern Alaska to the North Atlantic and continuing east offshore, and covering most of the US as far south as Baja and northern Mexico. A large area of moderate density smoke was moving east from northeastern British Columbia, northern Alberta, and far southwestern Northwest Territory after having been moving southeastward earlier today over Saskatchewan, southern Manitoba, the northern Plains, Great Lakes, and southeastern Canada, where further wildfire activity was adding to the layer moving east-northeastward out over the North Atlantic. Some is also perhaps becoming entrained in a high pressure area off the Mid-Atlantic coast bringing some of the smoke southward towards the Carolinas and Florida

Western CONUS - Scattered Wildfire activity from southern California to Oregon and Utah was helping to create another area of light to moderate density smoke that was covering an area from southern Washington State to northwestern Mexico. A couple wildfires in southern California were producing moderate smoke moving mainly northward to northeastward, while smoke from northern California was seen moving multiple directions and a wildfire in central Utah was producing thick smoke moving south-southeast. Remnant smoke from previous days was seen in a ring around Nevada and extending southward across northwestern Mexico, with the thickest remnant smoke seen arcing from the Oregon/Idaho/Washington triple point westward to the coast then south along the Oregon coast to offshore of northern California. There could be minor contributions from the area mentioned above, but this area does appear to be distinct from that large area.

BLOWING DUST: Eastern and Central Caribbean/Tropical Atlantic - A fairly thick layer of Saharan Dust was seen extending westward from the Sahara to the Central Caribbean as far west as Jamaica. There could possibly be some dust in the smoke area over the Bahamas and western Caribbean, although there is less certainty in that assessment.

Source: NOAA


OFF THE GRID: Power Outage TrackerAs severe weather or blizzards threaten, this database scrapes power outage information from more than 1,000 companies nationwide. It will automatically update every 15 minutes.Weather Alerts: Warnings, Watches and AdvisoriesTrack all current severe weather warnings, watches and advisories for Lafayette, Indiana and other areas in the United States on the interactive weather alerts page. This data is updated every 5 minutes.Rolling Storm Damage ReportsAs storms strike, this interactive map is your guide to impacts and damage reports coming into National Weather Service stations nationwide.A history of twisters: Tornadoes in Florida since 1950sThis interactive map, which contains data from January 1950, pinpoints where a cyclone touched down and traces its path of destruction. For more recent tornadoes, clicking deeper provides more details, damage estimates and whether someone was injured or killed in the storm.Real-time Streamflow Map: River Water Level Current data typically are recorded at 15- to 60-minute intervals.Excessive Rainfall ForecastWeather Prediction Center forecasts the probability that rainfall will exceed flash flood guidance within 25 miles of a point.Maximum Heat Index ForecastMaximum heat index forecast for next 7 days. Updated daily from May 1 through Sept. 30Drought Monitor and HistoryData shows the location and intensity of drought across the country.Wildfire HistorySee a map of wildfires since 2017Air Quality Index (AQI) Forecasts and Current ConditionsThe Air Quality Index (AQI) translates air quality data into numbers and colors that help people understand when to take action to protect their health.Storm Tracker and Model MixerA hurricane watcher's guide to the latest track and model forecasts. This storm tracker contains data from 1851.Weather Data since 1895County-level monthly precipitation and temperature data since 1895 provieded by National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). The data is updated every month.

Mapping smoke from Canada: As wildfires burn, check the air quality in your area

Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, parts of Wisconsin and Iowa were under an air quality alert Monday because of wildfire smoke coming from Canada.

Source: '' Satellite Image

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Smoke - '+ +' Density

Source: '' Satellite Image

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Expires'+new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-us', options).format(new Date(*1000))+'


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Size (Acres)'+addComma(,'')+'
Estimated Cost to Date'+addComma(,'$')+'
Estimated Population'+addComma(,'')+'
Estimated Housing Units'+addComma(,'')+'

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Source: The Wildland Fire Interagency Geospatial Service (WFIGS)

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Source: Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre (CIFFC)

'; } return popupContent; } // var csloc = {"type":"FeatureCollection", "features":[{"type":"Feature","ct":"Point","properties":{"name":"Lafayette, IN", "pmk":"PLAI", "GEO_ID":"18157","TIME":"","knt":"", "icon":"/static//markers/original/tourism/citysquare.png", "bgc":""},"description":{"stormtype":""},"geometry":{"type":"Point","coordinates":[-86.8753,40.4167]} } ]};mapboxgl.accessToken = 'pk.eyJ1IjoieXB5dW4iLCJhIjoiY2oxcW4ybWhxMDBkMjJxcGVhbDV5cnpzYyJ9.oFQSnOc57xCR7A51OR6-3w';var thisStyle = 'mapbox://styles/ypyun/ck0flqufl2k1x1cpmupm5sl2y';var map = new mapboxgl.Map({container: 'firetrackingmap', style: thisStyle, center: [-110.391399768321, 35.8243388636102], zoom: 12, attributionControl: false, });map.addControl(new mapboxgl.AttributionControl({ compact: true, customAttribution:[''] }));map.on('load', function () { var layers = map.getStyle().layers; var firstSymbolId; for (var i = 0; i < layers.length; i++) { if (layers[i].type === 'symbol') { firstSymbolId = layers[i].id; break; 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for (const weatherAlert of ['FWW','FWA','HWW','HWA','FRW','FRA']){ map.on('click', weatherAlert, function (e) {new mapboxgl.Popup({ offset: 14 }).setLngLat(e.lngLat).setHTML(onCWWFeature(e.features[0])).addTo(map);}); map.on('mouseenter', weatherAlert, function () {map.getCanvas().style.cursor = 'pointer'; }); map.on('mouseleave', weatherAlert, function () {map.getCanvas().style.cursor = ''; }); } map.addSource('GeoSmoke', {type: 'geojson', data: '/media/wildfire/active/smoke_noaa.json?v='+rnna }); map.addLayer({ "id": "GeoMACSmokeL", "type": "fill", "source": "GeoSmoke", filter: ["==", "Density", "Light"], "paint": {'fill-color': "#ad6d2d", 'fill-opacity':0.2, 'fill-outline-color': '#c07b36', }}, firstSymbolId); map.addLayer({ "id": "GeoMACSmokeM", "type": "fill", "source": "GeoSmoke", filter: ["==", "Density", "Medium"],"paint": {'fill-color': "#874504", 'fill-opacity':0.2, 'fill-outline-color': '#c07b36', }}, firstSymbolId); map.addLayer({ "id": "GeoMACSmokeH", "type": "fill", "source": "GeoSmoke", filter: ["==", "Density", "Heavy"], "paint": {'fill-color': "#5c2f03", 'fill-opacity':0.2, 'fill-outline-color': '#c07b36', }}, firstSymbolId); for (const smokeLevel of ['GeoMACSmokeL','GeoMACSmokeM','GeoMACSmokeH']){ map.on('click', smokeLevel, function (e) {new mapboxgl.Popup({ offset: 14 }).setLngLat(e.lngLat).setHTML(onGonFeature(e.features[0])).addTo(map);}); map.on('mouseenter', smokeLevel, function () {map.getCanvas().style.cursor = 'pointer'; }); map.on('mouseleave', smokeLevel, function () {map.getCanvas().style.cursor = ''; }); } // add a clustered GeoJSON source for powerplant map.addSource('SourceNOAA', {type: 'geojson', data: '/media/wildfire/active/fire_noaa.json?v='+rnna, 'cluster': true, 'clusterRadius': 30, 'clusterMaxZoom': 6 }); map.addLayer({ id: "clusters", type: "circle", source: "SourceNOAA", filter: ["has", "point_count"], paint: { "circle-color": ["step",["get", "point_count"],"#f73b3b", 50, "#eb1c1c", 150, "#b50000" ], "circle-radius": ["step", ["get", "point_count"], 20,50,30,150,40], "circle-opacity": 0.4 } },firstSymbolId); map.addLayer({ id: "cluster-count", type: "symbol", source: "SourceNOAA", filter: ["has", "point_count"], layout: {"text-field": "{point_count_abbreviated}","text-font": ["DIN Offc Pro Medium", "Arial Unicode MS Bold"], "text-size": 12 } }); map.addLayer({ id: "unclustered-point", type: "circle", source: "SourceNOAA", filter: ["!", ["has", "point_count"]], paint: {"circle-color": "#b50000", "circle-radius": 5, "circle-stroke-width": 1, "circle-stroke-color": "#CCC",} }); map.on('click', 'unclustered-point', function (e) {new mapboxgl.Popup({ offset: 14 }).setLngLat(e.lngLat).setHTML(onSLFFeature(e.features[0])).addTo(map);}); map.on('mouseenter', 'unclustered-point', function () {map.getCanvas().style.cursor = 'pointer'; }); map.on('mouseleave', 'unclustered-point', function () {map.getCanvas().style.cursor = ''; }); // inspect a cluster on click map.on('click', 'clusters', function (e) { var features = map.queryRenderedFeatures(e.point, { layers: ['clusters'] }); var clusterId = features[0].properties.cluster_id; map.getSource('SourceNOAA').getClusterExpansionZoom(clusterId, function (err, zoom) { if (err) return; map.easeTo({center: features[0].geometry.coordinates, zoom: zoom }); }); }); map.loadImage('/media/wildfire/icon/wf.png', function(error, image) {if (error) throw error; map.addImage('wfigsWF', image); }); map.loadImage('/media/wildfire/icon/wf_new.png', function(error, image) {if (error) throw error; map.addImage('wfigsWFNEW', image); }); map.loadImage('/media/wildfire/icon/rx.png', function(error, image) {if (error) throw error; map.addImage('wfigsRX', image); }); map.loadImage('/media/wildfire/icon/cx.png', function(error, image) {if (error) throw error; map.addImage('wfigsCX', image); }); map.addSource('combined_wildfire', {type: 'geojson', data: '/media/wildfire/active/wildfire_combined_location.json?v='+rnna }); map.addLayer({"id": "FEMALayerWN", "type": "symbol", "source": "combined_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wfn"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWFNEW', "icon-size": 0.15, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "FEMALayerW1", "type": "symbol", "source": "combined_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf1"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.15, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "FEMALayerW2", "type": "symbol", "source": "combined_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf2"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.20, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "FEMALayerW3", "type": "symbol", "source": "combined_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf3"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.25, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "FEMALayerW4", "type": "symbol", "source": "combined_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf4"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.30, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "FEMALayerW5", "type": "symbol", "source": "combined_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf5"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.35, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "FEMALayerRX", "type": "symbol", "source": "combined_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","rx"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsRX', "icon-size": 0.15, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "FEMALayerCX", "type": "symbol", "source": "combined_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","cx"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsCX', "icon-size": 0.15, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addSource('canada_wildfire', {type: 'geojson', data: '/media/wildfire/active/wildfire_canada_location.json?v='+rnna }); map.addLayer({"id": "CanadaLayerWN", "type": "symbol", "source": "canada_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wfn"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWFNEW', "icon-size": 0.15, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "CanadaLayerW1", "type": "symbol", "source": "canada_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf1"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.15, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "CanadaLayerW2", "type": "symbol", "source": "canada_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf2"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.20, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "CanadaLayerW3", "type": "symbol", "source": "canada_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf3"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.25, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "CanadaLayerW4", "type": "symbol", "source": "canada_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf4"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.30, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "CanadaLayerW5", "type": "symbol", "source": "canada_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","wf5"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsWF', "icon-size": 0.35, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addLayer({"id": "CanadaLayerCX", "type": "symbol", "source": "canada_wildfire", "filter":["==","icon","cx"], "layout": {"visibility":"visible", "icon-image": 'wfigsCX', "icon-size": 0.15, 'icon-allow-overlap':true, 'icon-ignore-placement':true, "text-allow-overlap": true},}); map.addSource('combined_wildfire_perimeter', {type: 'geojson', data: '/media/wildfire/active/wildfire_combined_perimeter.json?v='+rnna }); map.addLayer({ "id": "FEMALayerPM", "type": "fill", "source": "combined_wildfire_perimeter", "paint": {'fill-color': "#870505", 'fill-opacity':0.4, 'fill-outline-color': '#CCCCCC' } }, firstSymbolId); for (const fireIcons of ['FEMALayerWN','FEMALayerW1','FEMALayerW2','FEMALayerW3','FEMALayerW4','FEMALayerW5', 'FEMALayerRX','FEMALayerCX','FEMALayerPM']){ map.on('click', fireIcons, function (e) {new mapboxgl.Popup({ offset: 14 }).setLngLat(e.lngLat).setHTML(onCombinediPntFeature(e.features[0],'US')).addTo(map);}); } for (const fireIcons of ['CanadaLayerWN','CanadaLayerW1','CanadaLayerW2','CanadaLayerW3','CanadaLayerW4','CanadaLayerW5','CanadaLayerCX']){ map.on('click', fireIcons, function (e) {new mapboxgl.Popup({ offset: 14 }).setLngLat(e.lngLat).setHTML(onCombinediPntFeature(e.features[0],'CA')).addTo(map);}); } for (const fireIcons of ['FEMALayerWN','FEMALayerW1','FEMALayerW2','FEMALayerW3','FEMALayerW4','FEMALayerW5', 'FEMALayerRX','FEMALayerCX','FEMALayerPM','CanadaLayerWN','CanadaLayerW1','CanadaLayerW2','CanadaLayerW3','CanadaLayerW4','CanadaLayerW5','CanadaLayerCX']){ map.on('mouseenter', fireIcons, function () {map.getCanvas().style.cursor = 'pointer'; }); map.on('mouseleave', fireIcons, function () {map.getCanvas().style.cursor = ''; }); } // csloc.features.forEach(function(marker) { var el = document.createElement('div'); el.className = 'csIcon'; new mapboxgl.Marker(el).setLngLat(marker.geometry.coordinates).setPopup(new mapboxgl.Popup({ offset: 14 })).addTo(map); });});map.addControl(new mapboxgl.NavigationControl(), 'top-left');var BounceLine = null;if (BounceLine) {var bounds = new mapboxgl.LngLatBounds();BounceLine.forEach(function(Tpolygon) { Tpolygon.forEach(function(Tline){ Tline.forEach(function(Tpoint){bounds.extend(Tpoint); }) }) });map.fitBounds(bounds, { padding: 20 });}

BRANCH - Wildfire and Smoke Map (2024)


How far away can you see smoke from a forest fire? ›

Wildfire smoke can travel long distances, extending far beyond the immediate fire zone. Carried by prevailing winds, it can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of miles. This means that even if a community is not close to a wildfire, it may still be exposed to its smoke.

What was the worst wildfire in history? ›

On October 8, 1871, the most devastating forest fire in American history occurred in northeast Wisconsin and Michigan. The fire is named for the town of Peshtigo, Wisconsin which sustained some of the worst damages; however, the fire also burned 11 other towns. In Peshtigo alone, 800 people lost their lives.

What is a smoke map? ›

The AirNow Fire and Smoke Map is an interactive map displaying information on ground-level air quality monitors recording fine particulates (PM2. 5) from smoke and other sources, as well as information on fires, smoke plume locations, and special statements about smoke issued by various sources.

How far will wildfire smoke travel? ›

Because smoke can travel hundreds or thousands of miles, air quality can also be a problem far from the wildfire itself. Air quality can change rapidly.

Can smoke travel from state to state? ›

Wildfire smoke is not confined by geographical borders. Smoke from large fires can cross state lines and even international boundaries, impacting air quality in regions far from the fire's origin. For instance, wildfires in one region of the United States can affect air quality in neighboring states or even countries.

How far can you see smoke on a clear day? ›

Often times the effects from storms like these won't be seen for two or three days. Tree roots might ignite first, allowing fire to slowly creep through the tree's inner core up to the surface. Once smoke begins to paint the sky, I can usually spot it 30 miles away on a clear day.

What are 90% of wildfires started by? ›

Humans cause nearly 90% of wildfires in the United states1 via discarded cigarettes, unattended campfires, burning debris, or through equipment malfunctions. Although less common, wildfires can also occur though non-human phenomena, such as lightning strikes and volcanic eruptions.

What state has the most wildfires? ›

According to the National Interagency Fire Center, Texas leads the country with the most wildfires and Alaska leads the county with the most acres burned. California-specific charts below on the Top 10 largest, most destructive, and deadliest wildfires.

What is the largest fire in USA history? ›

What are the biggest wildfires in US history?
  • Little Black River Fire, 1950, Alaska – 892,900.
  • Lime Complex, 2022, Alaska – 892,900.
  • Miramichi Fire, 1825, Maine – 832,000. ...
  • Solstice Complex, 2004, Alaska – 812,771.
  • Holanada Creek Fire, 1969, Alaska – 803,470.
  • Northwest Oklahoma Complex, 2017 – 779,292.
Apr 29, 2024

Why is it hazy in Texas? ›

During a typical summer, high humidity, light winds, and abundant sunshine can combine with gasoline engine pollutants to create a haze of ground-level ozone and lead to unhealthy air quality for sensitive groups.

How do wildfires start? ›

Wildfires typically start due to a combination of dry vegetation, hot conditions, and an ignition source. Natural causes include lightning strikes and volcanic eruptions. Human activities, such as campfires left unattended, discarded cigarettes, and arson, are also major contributors.

Why is it smoky in Montana? ›

Montana's summers are becoming hotter and drier, growing the risk of wildfires. As fires increase and as the wildfire season lengthens, the amount of wildfire smoke increases.

What does a wildfire smell like? ›

The most interesting part is what the toxic chemicals do to the smell of smoke. While the tasty chemicals occur in food, these others have an unpleasant industrial smell. PbF smells a lot like chlorine, formaldehyde is the plasticky smell of preserved specimens in jars, and benzene is literally the smell of gasoline.

What happens if you breathe in smoke from a wildfire? ›

Inhaling smoke for a short time can cause immediate effects. Smoke irritates the eyes, nose, and throat, and its odor can be nauseating. Studies show that some people exposed to heavy smoke have temporary changes in lung function that makes breathing more difficult. People can also have changes in heart function.

Does N95 protect against smoke? ›

N95 or P100 respirators can help protect your lungs from smoke or ash. Straps must go above and below the ears. How Do I Know if I Need to Wear a Respirator? Respirators are sold at many hardware and home repair stores and pharmacies.

Can you see wildfire smoke from space? ›

NASA's Aqua satellite, which circles our planet from south to north over the equator, imaged the smoke from some of the region's fires, which covered about two-thirds of the Gulf of Mexico. "In places, the smoke is so thick that it obscures the blue water beneath," the space agency wrote in the statement.

How far away can you see smoke signals? ›

Damp leaves and dung would be used to produce dark smoke, while wood and some dried grasses tend to produce a white smoke. To produce different puffs or streams of smoke, a wet blanket or hide would be placed over the fire and then removed. On the Plains, smoke signals could be visible as far away as fifty miles.

How far away can a fire be seen? ›

1-2 miles: you will likely see the light of the fire between the tree trunks and through breaks in the brush, as well as smell smoke. Smoke density will depend on wind direction.

How much of smoke is visible? ›

You can't see or smell it, but it's there. Every time you smoke, you breathe out second-hand smoke. The particles are so small 85% of them are invisible and odourless.

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